Mapperley Village

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Know Your Village - West Hallam Windmill

From the Parish Magazine of March 2006

This, like Mapperley and Dale, was also a post mill. Built at West Hallam crossroads in 1788, the site is now occupied by Millhouse Garage (SK 422 420). This replaced an even earlier mill standing on the site probably dating back to 1593. The 1788 mill had the date 1593 formed by nails driven into the woodwork over the entrance. A mill on this site was shown on Burdett's map of 1767. 

The craft of the miller was always passed from father to son with many families carrying on this tradition for several generations. In the case of West Hallam, the Heath family carried on this custom. 

Milling came to an end in 1884 as described in an advertisement for its sale in the Ilkeston Pioneer, hoping to sell the site as a going concern. It seems that no one took up this offer and it soon fell into disrepair. 

Local artist Gladys Hardy/Turton painted the mill in 1918 showing it in a poor state, and with much of its outer cladding still intact. Karl Wood also painted it on 10-04-1932, this painting can be seen in the Lincoln (Usher) Museum (ref 77.931).

Roger Wood


Park Hall  Mapperley
Park Hall Lane (west of the village).

Park Hall Farm was built on the site of our oldest settlement.

A moated Manor House owned by Simon Adherne. Simon received a Royal Charter by Henry III in 1267. Allowing him as Lord of the Manor to hold an annual fair to be held at the festival of the Holy Trinity, always falling in May or June. (Trinity Sunday falls in May or June. Eight weeks after Easter Day. The earliest possible date being May 17th. The latest possible date June 20th). Making this a right to hold a fair, which is even older than Ilkeston.  Also he could hold a weekly market every Monday.

An attack on his manorial rights took place three years later in 1269. Ralph Cromwell (Lord of the Manor of West Hallam) carried this out. He organised a group of men to ransack the Hall and throw down, and carry away Simon's Gallows, stocks and Pillory which Simon had erected under his interpretation of the Royal Charter.

Although the road leading from West Hallam crossroads to the Park Hall Hamlet is today officially sign-posted Park Hall Lane, to all the locals it is referred to as Simon Lane. The fields to the west of the farm leading to Smalley, are also still identified on all ordnance survey maps as "Simonfields". Today the farm is owned by the Morgan family.

Mapperley Colliery, known of course as the Simon Pit. Shaft sinking began in 1870, the first coal turned in 1872. The colliery closed in 1965 after providing employment for hundreds of men from all the surrounding villages.

Park Farm owned by several generations of the Shaw Family.  This farm looked after all the pit ponies for the colliery. Injured horses were brought to the surface and treated in the "Horse Hospital". A purpose building, whose ruins can be seen at the rear of the farm.  A small annexe, built on west-end of the farmhouse consisted of a downstairs kitchen, complete with upper bedroom, built as a home for the stable lad.

Observing the horses brought to the surface during the collieries annual fortnights' holiday was a delight, being in the daylight for the first time, after spending months underground sent them crazy, causing them to gallop around the fields like young foals.

To the right of the farm is a row of Houses. The extreme building was once a Public House called "The Royal Oak". Always clearly signed "Royal Oak" it was never called this by the locals. This pub was always "The Candlesticks". The name goes back to the days before electric and gas lighting. Back to the days of the "Candelabra". Apparently the pub had only one set, always placed at the bar. Once the customers had been served their drinks the landlady would walk away from the lounge carrying her only source of light with her leaving the customers sitting in the dark. Hence the name "The Candlesticks". Always being a favourite with the miners especially being so close to the pit.

The Landlord always knew the end of shift times; he would start pulling pints of beer at the sound of the colliery "Blower". Ready for a rush of miners eager to quench their thirst, and wash down the shifts coal dust.

The pub remained open after the pit closure, but business suffered badly. Open-cast operations took place several years later removing all traces of the mine and spoil heap.

This work caused serious problems resulting in Methane Gas being detected in the pubscellar.

After several months of closure the cellars were finally given the all clear, with this news the brewery tried to sell the premises as a going concern. With no takers the pub was sold as a private dwelling.

Roger Wood 2011

Park Hall Lane

Taken from the Parish Magazine of January 2006

The road leading from West Hallam Crossroads to Mapperley village is Park Hall Lane but to many locals it is often referred to as ‘Simon Lane’. Most of you will remember Simon Lane Post Office situated opposite Millhouse Garage in a small wooden building. Mapperley Colliery was more often called ‘Simon Pit’ and the fields to the west of the lane leading to Stanley Common are still marked on ordnance survey maps as ‘Simonfields’.

Simon was ‘Simon de Arderne, Lord of the Manor of Mapperley at Park Hall in the thirteenth century. In 1267 he was granted a charter to hold an annual fair, to be held each Holy Trinity day; he was also allowed a weekly market, held each Monday.

In 1857 Park Hall was described in White’s Directory of the County of Derby as being, ‘A small hamlet half a mile north-west from Mapperley village where once a large mansion stood of which nothing now remains.

Roger Wood


From the June 1986 Parish Magazine

Simon De Arden Received A Grant Of The Manor Of Mapperley On 28 May 1267

According to records in the Derbyshire Assize Rolls Simon de Arden received a grant of the Manor of Mapperley on 28 May 1267 having married the heiress of the Mapperley Lordship. In 1276 he and his wife sold it for £200 a large sum in those days. And well he might, for three years after his settlement an attack was made on his home by Ralph de Cromwell, Lord of West Hallam who, assisted by his men entered Simon's manor and threw down his gallows by force of arms. Simon's seat was at 'Park Hall'—so named from its ancient status. 

In 1969-70 I was a member of an archaeological dig under the direction of Mr Alan Palfreyman and organised by Ilkeston and District Local History Society. The objective - to find the site of Simon's Manor. 

As Park Hall Lane is still known as Simon Lane and Mapperley Colliery known as Simon Pit, and adjacent fields known as Simon Fields it seemed logical to look nearby. After one false start we discovered traces of a moat at Park Hall Farm and with the kind permission of the owner, Mr Morgan, commenced to dig up his farm-yard. We were able to establish that Park Hall Farm was indeed the site of a moated fortified Manor house almost certainly that of Simon de Arden. Furthermore the site had been continuously occupied since the 13th century. The original well, 700 years old, supplied water for farm purposes. As well as the moat a wooden defensive palisade was found, probably to keep out wild animals as well as the West Hallam ruffians. Artefacts relating to four distinct phases of occupation were found and identified with the help of the Ministry of Public Works and Buildings. 

A full record of this excavation was published by the Ilkeston& District Local History Society in 1970. Although now out of print I would be happy to lend my copy to anyone wishing to pursue the matter further. 
A copy of the report can be seen here

Park Hall Farm Excavations

It is highly improbable that the chapel now incorporated into a house near the Church was in any way connected with the Manor house at Park Hall Farm. Private chapels were part of, or close to, the houses they served. As Mapperley did not have a Church until comparatively recently this chapel may have been a resting place for travelling ecclesiastics. In other words—a chapel of ease.

Have you noticed what a lot of footpaths lead from Mapperley in the direction of Kirk Hallam? These were the byways down which countless generations of Mapperley's inhabitants went, each Sunday, to their place of worship, Kirk Hallam Church. A statutory obligation in those days of course. What a trek it must have been for the elderly and infirm.

I have happy memories of Mapperley in the 1920's. My Uncle/Guardian, Charlie Rose, was a deputy at the colliery for 25 years, on permanent night shift. Sometimes as a special treat he would take me with him as he went to draw his wages on a Friday afternoon. But first he would stop and buy me a bag of toffee from Mrs Boam's shop in the village. Things have changed a bit since then.

Jean M Barber, Treasurer: Ilkeston & District Local History Society. 1986


 Smalley History and Legends book 1905 Simon Field extract page 70 - 71

“Simon Field” estate derived its name from Simon de Arderne, who received a grant of the Manor of Mapperley with market, fair, and free warren in 1266. It would appear that he had married the heiress of the Mapperley lordship, and that in 1276 he and his wife sold it for £200 (a large sum at that time) to Thomas de Luthe. And well he might sell it, for three years after his settlement, an attack was made on his home by Ralph de Crumwell (of the Wingfield Manor stock, and apparently lord of Hallam) assisted by his West Hallam men, who, by force and arms entered Simon's manor, threw down the gallows he had erected, carried away the pillory; in fact, the " juridicialia" of the Court Leet of a Barony, which Simon's was not. The report of this bold stroke is recorded in the Derbyshire Assize Rolls in the Record Office, but the result does not appear.

Simon's seat was at "Park Hall" so named from its ancient status. His mansion, long since destroyed, stood within a quadrangular moat, the greater part of which is levelled in, but the well still remains near the centre, and still supplies water for farm purposes, though not used for domestic consumption. The lower lining of the well is composed of small ironstone laminae very neatly and admirably constructed.

Thanks to Philip Wyles for this article.


Park Hall Map (1778) (Field Names and Owners) Ref. Dr 84a

Rents Due to Richard Lowe Esq. at Lady Day and Michaelmas

Plan Number Field Name Tenant
1 Far Close William Radford
2 Near Close William Radford
3 Radford William Radford
4 Near Blooms William Radford
5 Far Simon Field William Radford
6 Near Simon Field William Radford
7 Corn Close William Blount
8 Smalley Close William Blount
9 Crab Tree Close William Blount
10 Clover Grass Close William Blount
11 Oak Tree Close William Blount
12 Long Close William Blount
13 Pool Pingle William Blount
14 Homestead William Blount
15 Calf Pingle William Blount
16 New Close William Blount
17 Ash Close William Blount
18 Horse Close William Radford
19 New Engine Meadow William Radford
20 Little Harry Arbour William Radford
21 Great Harry Arbour William Radford
22 Old Engine Meadow William Radford
23 Near Brooms William Radford
24 Homestead Francis Woodward
25 Tenter Yard William Radford
26 Pingle Behind House William Radford
27 Pingle William Radford
28 Near Brooms Thomas Bardil
29 Far Brooms Thomas Bardil
30 Far Close Thomas Bardil
31 Wood Close Thomas Bardil
32 Broom Close Thomas Bardil
33 Pingle Thomas Bardil
34 Dam Close Thomas Bardil
35 Gin Close Thomas Bardil
36 Homestead Thomas Bardil
37 Close O'er Brook Thomas Bardil
38 Near Brooms Thomas Bardil
39 Homesteads Vincent Saxon,  Josiah Mee
40 Vicars Meadow Thomas Bardil
41 Close at Bennets Thomas Bardil
42 Great Horse Close Mark Dennis
43 Little Horse Close Mark Dennis
44 Nether Stoney Flatts Mark Dennis
45 Middle Stoney Flatts Mark Dennis
46 Three Suare Close Mark Dennis
47 Over Stoney Flatts Mark Dennis
48 Merry Alders Mark Dennis
49 Kiln (Pottery) Green Mark Dennis
50 Little Croft Mark Dennis
51 Great Croft Mark Dennis
52 Dooty Close Mark Dennis
53 Winfield Close Mark Dennis
54 Grove Mark Dennis
55 Johnson Close Mark Dennis
56 Great Rye Grass Close Mark Dennis
57 Piece Mark Dennis
58 Orchard Mark Dennis
59 Well Yard Mark Dennis
60 Homestead Mark Dennis
61 Calf Croft Mark Dennis
62 Liitle Rye Grass Close Mark Dennis
63 Grove Thomas Hunt
64 Hays Meadow Thomas Hunt
65 Little Hob Knowl Thomas Hunt
66 Near Hob Knowl Thomas Hunt
67 Over Long Hays Thomas Hunt
68 Sheep Close Thomas Hunt
69 Far Hob Knowl  Thomas Hunt
70 Yew Tree Close Thomas Hunt
71 Nether Long Hays Thomas Hunt
72 Crab Tree Close Thomas Hunt
73 Sough Close Thomas Hunt
74 Nether Hays Thomas Hunt
75 Near Rail Close Thomas Hunt
76 Far Rail Close Thomas Hunt
77 Over Hays Thomas Hunt
78 Rushy Close Thomas Hunt
79 Stubble Close Thomas Hunt
80 Homestead Thomas Hunt
82 Smithy Close Thomas Hunt
85 Homestead and Home Close John Morris
86 Rope Close John Morris
87 Barn Croft John Morris
88 Brick Kiln Close John Morris
89 Over Harvey Close John Morris
90 Over Park John Morris
91 Hill Close John Morris
92 Little Close John Morris
93 Park Close John Morris
94 Overwood Richard Lowe (In own Occupation)
95 Nether Park John Morris
96 Nether Harvey Close John Morris
97 Nott Close John Morris
98 Homestead and Croft Thomas Woodward
99 Homestead Samuel Mason
100 Near Sope Ridings John Morris
101 Mapperley Sick Lane Leading to Mapperley Village
102 Near Sope Ridings John Morris
103 Far Sope Ridings John Morris
104 Park Hall Lane Leading to Mapperley Windmill

Note:  Lady Day 25 March. Michaelmas 29 September


The Lowe Family and Locko Park

John Lowe (1704 – 1771)

John Lowe was the eldest son of Vincent Lowe of  Denby and Theodosia, daughter of John Marriott of Alscot Gloucestershire. He had purchased the Locko Park Estate from the Gilbert family in 1747. John married Sydney, daughter of Richard Marriott of Alscot. (She died 28th July 1789 aged 80 years). Having no children the Denby and Locko estates passed onto younger brother Richard Lowe.

Richard Lowe (1716 – 1785)

Richard Lowe was a woollen draper occupying premises in Kings Street, Covent Garden, London. Eventually becoming a leading supplier of Army uniforms for the British forces.

Becoming a wealthy man he co-founded in 1771 a bank with partners Raymond, Williams, Vere and Fletcher. Which eventually became Williams Deacon’s Bank.

Following the death of his older brother John he inherited the Denby and Locko Estates. Adding to his wealth he purchased property in Smalley, Mapperley and invested in the growing coal industry.

In 1778 commissioning William Radford Junior to survey his Park Hall Estate. Providing a detailed map listing his tenants and field names. (Ref. Dr 84a).

Richard Lowe died 28th May 1785 aged 69, buried 13th June 1785 in St. Mary’s Church Denby chancel floor.

In his will, Richard left his entire estate to his youngest daughter Anne. She could only inherit his vast wealth if she agreed to marry from a number of selected suitors. Her cousins William, Thomas or John Drury, or one of the sons of Edward Miller Mundy of Shipley.

Anne totally rejected any of these proposed liaisons and much negation and litigation ensued. Resulting in William Drury (Richard’s cousin) of Nottingham purchasing the estate in 1785. Having agreed to pay Anne £50,000.

William Drury then assumed the name Lowe by Royal Sign Manual dated 10th July 1790.

William Drury Lowe (1753 – 1827)

In 1792 William Drury Lowe gave up to John Radford several properties in Smalley in exchange for Radford’s lands near the Locko estate. But ensured that he could have the right to make railways in, over, or through the said lands in Smalley, in connection with his collieries in the Lordship of Mapperley. Paying full compensation to Mr. Radford for all damage or injury, which shall be done to his lands by the said railways.

Drury Lowe ensuring that he would be able to get his coal to market without any complications.

The Estate papers and manuscripts for the Lowe’s are held at the University of Nottingham.


Listed on the Park Hall Map (1778) are the main tenants:

Thomas Bardil
William Blount (Radford’s steward)
Mark Dennis
Thomas Hunt
John Morris
William Radford

Showing their lands and homestead locations.

Listed living at the Homesteads:

Vincent Saxon
Richard Lowe
Thomas Woodward
Samuel Mason
Francis Woodward
William Blount
Thomas Bardil
Joseph Mee
Mark Dennis
Thomas Hunt
John Morris

Several of these family names can still be found living in Mapperley

Locations of pit shafts, engine houses, the Park Hall Pottery Kiln and Brick Kiln are also all clearly marked.

…………………………

Roger Wood

10 Dec 2012


Map 1900s - Click to Enlarge


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